Tag: <span>Omar Al-Bachir</span>

Sudan Appeals-Français

Soudan : Régression Dangereuse.

Image vedette : La garde présidentielle du Soudan du Sud attend l’arrivée de dignitaires étrangers invités à participer aux célébrations officielles de l’indépendance du pays dans la capitale, Juba. By Steve Evans, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

Depuis lundi matin 25 octobre 2021, le Premier ministre soudanais, Abdalla Handok et certains membres civils du Conseil de souveraineté de transition (comme s’appelait le gouvernement) ont été mis en état d’arrestation, et les militaires ont repris le contrôle. Le général Abdel-Fattah al-Burham qui dirige la faction militaire a déclaré qu’une “administration technocratique” sera mise en place jusqu’en juillet 2023, date à laquelle des élections auront lieu. Actuellement, il y a des manifestations de civils dans les rues des grandes villes, mais l’impact de ces manifestations est incertain. La situation peut évoluer de manière imprévisible.the Prime Minister of Sudan, Abdalla Handok

le Premier ministre du Soudan, Abdalla Handok. J’ai été honoré de rencontrer @SudanPMHamdok, le premier dirigeant soudanais à se rendre à Washington en 34 ans. Alors que le Soudan traverse une transition politique historique, j’ai hâte de soutenir le programme de réforme ambitieux de Hamdok et une plus grande liberté pour le peuple soudanais. By Office of Senator Chris Coons, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

Général Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, 18e Sommet du Mouvement des non-alignés débute à Baкu. By President.az, CC BY 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

Le Conflit Armé au Darfour.

En avril 2019, des manifestations de rue persistantes ont conduit à la fin du gouvernement du général Omar Al-Bachir, au pouvoir depuis 1989. Il avait dû faire face à une longue guerre civile avec le sud du Soudan, ainsi qu’à un conflit armé, en grande partie base tribale, au Darfour. L’économie du pays était en mauvaise posture. Une partie du mouvement anti-Al-Bachir avait des motivations économiques. Cependant, il y avait aussi un souhait pour un gouvernement moins autoritaire, et le terme « démocratie » était souvent utilisé.

Un gouvernement militaire a d’abord remplacé Al-Bachir. Cependant, lors des manifestations qui ont conduit à son départ et à son arrestation, les groupes professionnels et les syndicats sont devenus de plus en plus actifs. Ils réclamaient une part dans le gouvernement du pays. Ainsi, une administration assez unique a été mise en place, composée d’une composante civile et militaire également divisée. C’est la majeure partie de la composante civile qui est actuellement en état d’arrestation.General Omar al-Bashir

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, le président du Soudan, écoute un discours lors de l’ouverture de la 20e session du Nouveau partenariat pour le développement de l’Afrique à Addis-Abeba, en Éthiopie, le 31 janvier 2009, By U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jesse B. Awalt/Released, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

L’administration conjointe civilo-militaire n’a pas été en mesure de faire face à la situation économique difficile. Pour mettre fin à la guerre civile qui avait divisé le nord et le sud du Soudan, un référendum a créé un État séparé, le Soudan du Sud. Cependant, les problèmes économiques, en particulier la production et la vente de pétrole, n’ont pas été résolus. En conséquence, les conditions économiques sont restées très difficiles. Il y a même eu des manifestations de rue exigeant un retour au régime militaire.

D’autres gouvernements du Moyen-Orient, en particulier l’Arabie saoudite, les Émirats arabes unis et l’Égypte, se sont opposés aux “vents du changement” au Soudan. On ne sait pas quel rôle ces pays ont pu jouer dans le coup d’État d’octobre. Il est certain que les chefs militaires soudanais avaient des contacts réguliers avec les militaires de ces pays du Moyen-Orient.

La situation actuelle au Soudan est celle de la régression des courants démocratiques et populaires, situation qu’il faut surveiller de près et soutenir, si possible, les courants démocratiques.

 

Rene Wadlow, Président, Association des Citoyens du Monde.

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Sudan Apelaciones

Sudan: Regresión Peligrosa .

Imagen de portada: la guardia presidencial de Sudán del Sur espera la llegada de dignatarios extranjeros invitados a participar en las celebraciones oficiales de independencia del país en la ciudad capital de Juba . Por Steve Evans, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

A partir del lunes 25 de octubre de 2021 por la mañana, el Primer Ministro de Sudán, Abdalla Handok y algunos miembros civiles del Consejo de Soberanía de Transición (como se llamaba al gobierno) habían sido arrestados y los militares habían retomado el control. El general Abdel-Fattah al-Burham, que encabeza la facción militar, ha dicho que se establecerá una “administración tecnocrática” hasta julio de 2023, cuando se celebrarán las elecciones. Actualmente, hay protestas de civiles en las calles de las principales ciudades, pero el impacto de estas protestas es incierto. La situación puede evolucionar de manera impredecible.

the Prime Minister of Sudan, Abdalla Handok

el Primer Ministro de Sudán, Abdalla Handok. Tuve el honor de conocer a @SudanPMHamdok, el primer líder sudanés en visitar Washington en 34 años. Mientras Sudán atraviesa una transición política histórica, espero apoyar la ambiciosa agenda de reformas de Hamdok y una mayor libertad para el pueblo sudanés. By Office of Senator Chris Coons, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, 18a Cumbre del Movimiento de Países No Alineados se pone en marcha en Baкu. By President.az, CC BY 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

El Conflicto Armado en Darfur .

En abril de 2019, las persistentes protestas callejeras llevaron al fin del gobierno del general Omar Al-Bachir, que había estado en el poder desde 1989. Había enfrentado una larga guerra civil con el sur de Sudán, así como un conflicto armado, en gran parte tribales, en Darfur. La economía del país estaba en mal estado. Parte del movimiento anti Al-Bachir tenía motivaciones económicas. Sin embargo, también se deseaba un gobierno menos autoritario, y el término “democracia” se usaba a menudo.

Un gobierno militar reemplazó primero a Al-Bachir. Sin embargo, durante las protestas que llevaron a su salida y arresto, los grupos profesionales y sindicatos se volvieron cada vez más activos. Exigieron una participación en el gobierno del país. Por lo tanto, se estableció una administración bastante singular compuesta por un componente civil y militar dividido en partes iguales. Es la mayor parte del componente civil el que está ahora bajo arresto.

General Omar al-Bashir

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, presidente de Sudán, escucha un discurso durante la apertura de la vigésima sesión de La Nueva Alianza para el Desarrollo de África en Addis Abeba, Etiopía, 31 de enero de 2009, By U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jesse B. Awalt/Released, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

La administración conjunta civil-militar no pudo hacer frente a la difícil situación económica. Para poner fin a la guerra civil que había dividido al norte y al sur de Sudán, un referéndum creó un estado separado, Sudán del Sur. Sin embargo, los problemas económicos, especialmente la producción y venta de petróleo, no se resolvieron. Como resultado, las condiciones económicas siguieron siendo muy difíciles. Incluso hubo protestas callejeras exigiendo el regreso al gobierno militar.

Otros gobiernos de Oriente Medio, en particular Arabia Saudita, Emiratos Árabes Unidos y Egipto se opusieron a los “vientos de cambio” en Sudán. Se desconoce qué papel pudieron haber jugado estos países en el golpe de octubre. Es cierto que los líderes militares sudaneses tenían contacto regular con los militares en estos países de Oriente Medio.

La situación actual en Sudán es de regresión para las corrientes democráticas y populares, situación que debe ser vigilada de cerca y apoyarse, si es posible, a las corrientes democráticas.

 

Rene Wadlow, President de  Association of World Citizens.

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Sudan: Dangerous Regression.

Featured Image: South Sudan’s presidential guard await the arrival of foreign dignitaries invited to participate in the country’s official independence celebrations in the capital city of Juba. By Steve Evans, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

As of Monday morning, 25 October 2021, the Prime Minister of Sudan, Abdalla Handok and certain civilian members of the Transitional Sovereignty Council (as the government was called) have been put under arrest, and the military have retaken control.  General Abdel-Fattah al-Burham who heads the military faction has said that a “technocratic administration” will be put into place until July 2023 when elections will be held. Currently, there are protests by civilians on the streets of the major cities, but the impact of these protests in uncertain.  The situation can evolve in unpredictable ways.

the Prime Minister of Sudan, Abdalla Handok

the Prime Minister of Sudan, Abdalla Handok.  I was honored to meet @SudanPMHamdok, the first Sudanese leader to visit Washington in 34 years. As Sudan undergoes a historic political transition, I look forward to supporting Hamdok’s ambitious reform agenda and greater freedom for the Sudanese people. By Office of Senator Chris Coons, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, 18th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement gets underway in Baкu. By President.az, CC BY 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

The Armed Conflict in Darfur.

In April 2019, persistent street protests led to the end of the government of General Omar Al-Bachir who had been in power since 1989.  He had faced a long-running civil war with the south of Sudan, as well as armed conflict, largely tribal based, in Darfur.  The economy of the country was in bad shape.  Part of the anti Al-Bachir movement had economic motivations.  However, there was also a wish for a less authoritarian government, and  the term “democracy” was often used.

A military government first replaced Al-Bachir.  However, during the protests that led to his departure and arrest, professional groups and trade unions became increasingly active.  They demanded a share in the government of the country.  Thus a fairly unique administration was set up comprised of an evenly divided civilian and military component.  It is most of the civilian component that is now under arrest.

General Omar al-Bashir

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, the president of Sudan, listens to a speech during the opening of the 20th session of The New Partnership for Africa’s Development in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Jan. 31, 2009, By U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jesse B. Awalt/Released, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

The civilian-military joint administration was not able to deal with the difficult economic situation.  To end the civil war which had divided north and south Sudan, a referendum created a separate state, South Sudan.  However, economic issues, especially the production and sale of oil was not worked out.  As a result, economic conditions remained very difficult.  There were even street protests demanding a return to military rule.

Other Middle East governments, in particular Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Egypt opposed the “winds of change” in Sudan. It is unknown what role these countries may have played in the October coup.  It is certain that Sudanese military leaders had regular contact with the military in these Middle East countries.

The current situation in Sudan is one of regression for democratic and popular currents, a situation which must be watched closely and support given, if possible, to democratic currents.

 

Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens.

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Sudan Appeals

Sudan: Difficult Transitions.

Photo by Mohamed Tohami on Unsplash.

By Rene Wadlow.

With the death on 26 November 2020 of Sadeq Al-Mahdi;  a major figure of modern Sudanese politics;  leaves the scene at a time of deep transitions within Sudan. Sadeq was the great grandson of Mehammed Ahmed;  who in the 1880s proclaimed himself as the Madhi in the struggle against the Egyptians and the British. When impiety progresses;  God inspires the Mahdi, the Messiah, to establish justice. Thus;  the Mahdi is both a political as well as a spiritual leader.

 

Sadig never declared himself to be the Mahdi;  but the family had taken Al-Madhi as the family name. He was a political leader having been Prime Minister twice, 1966 -1967 and again 1986 -1989;  both times forced out by the military;  who set up long-lasting military dictatorships; the first time by General Jaafar Nimeiry;  and the second time by General Omar Al-Bachir.

The Sufi Order.

Sadig was the head of an important Sufi order;  a tariqa as Sufi orders are called in Sudan. His political base was the Sufi order. He was educated at Oxford University in England;  and had high hope to modernize Sudan. Yet both times that he was prime minister;  he became bogged down in socio-economic tensions that would lead shortly afterwards to war. The first time;  the tensions and war which led to the creation of the separate state of South Sudan;  the second time the continuing North-South split of the country;  and the tensions which led to the armed conflict in Darfur province. In both cases;  the military were able to present themselves as more able to deal with conflicts than a civilian.

I had Sadeq Al-Mahdi as a member of the Association of World Citizens team to attend a seminar at the United Nations in Geneva;  on human rights and Islam. We had discussed at length his experiences and the nature of Mahdist movements.

The Ironies of Sudanese Politics.

One of the ironies of Sudanese politics was that his chief opponent;  the ideological brain of the Al-Bachir National Islamic Front, Hassan Al-Turabi was his brother-in-law, the men having married two sisters of the same family. While Sadeg was a Sufi highlighting; a personal relationship to God with no emphasis on the Islamic legal code or the Koran;  Hassan Al-Turabi, influenced by the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood;  stressed the legal code and promoted the idea of a pan-Islamic brotherhood based on a common understanding of the legal code.

Today;  Sudan is in a period of transition. The South has become a separate country with a good number of difficulties. A good number of issues;  including oil revenues;  need to be worked out between Sudan and South Sudan. The war in Darfur continues;  but negotiations are very difficult as opposition groups have split along tribal and ideological lines. The new Sudanese government is an uneasy coalition of military and civilian members of trade unions and professional societies. It is not clear what role Sufi orders;  which are mostly rural, will play. It is also not clear to what extent new political parties will be formed based on the civil society forces;  which were largely outside the earlier political parties. Sudan remains a country in transition; to be watched closely.

 Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens.

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