Tag: <span>Mark Lowcock</span>

The Armed Conflict in Ethiopia Appeals-Français

Appels de Négociations pour mettre fin au Conflit Armé…

Image en vedette : Drapeau national de l’Éthiopie. Photo par Kelly Lacy dans Pexels.
 

The Association of World Citizens (AWC) réitère maintenant son Appel aux parties au conflit armé en Éthiopie pour qu’elles négocient de bonne foi pour mettre fin aux combats et faire face aux conséquences profondes du conflit ; surtout la faim généralisée.

Mark Lowcock; le Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires; a averti que près de cinq millions des six millions d’habitants de la province du Tigré avaient besoin d’une aide alimentaire; et le nombre augmente à mesure que les combats s’étendent à d’autres régions.

Peu de temps après le début des combats, le 3 novembre 2020 ; l’Association des Citoyens du Monde, connaissant la fragilité de la confédération des provinces qui composent l’Etat éthiopien ; avait fait un premier Appel à la négociation de bonne foi ; même si les informations sur les combats étaient très limitées. Les journalistes ont été empêchés de se rendre au Tigré comme la plupart des ONG humanitaires.

Mark Lowcock
Mark Lowcock, Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d’urgence, prend la parole lors de la Conférence de sauvegarde à Londres. 18/10/2018. Par DFID – UK Department for International Development, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

Les Combats au Tigré se complexifient chaque jour.

Cependant d’ici février; suffisamment d’informations avaient été recueillies auprès de sources réfugiées, qu’Amnesty International a présenté un premier rapport sur l’étendue des violations des droits humains, avec de multiples rapports crédibles et largement corroborés sur des atrocités généralisées impliquant des massacres, des viols et des enlèvements de civils.

Les combats au Tigré deviennent chaque jour plus complexes alors que les forces de défense éthiopiennes, les forces de défense érythréennes et les milices ethniques affrontent les forces tigréennes. Il y a une accumulation de forces gouvernementales soudanaises à la frontière éthiopienne-soudanaise et les réfugiés fuient vers le Soudan. L’ensemble de la Corne de l’Afrique, déjà fragile, risque d’être davantage déstabilisé.

Pour le moment, tous les efforts de médiation proposés par les Nations unies ou l’Union africaine ont été refusés par le gouvernement central éthiopien. Les anciens responsables de la province du Tigré ont fui, et on ne sait pas qui est en mesure de négocier pour les factions du Tigré si des négociations devaient être entreprises. Il peut y avoir des possibilités d’initiatives non gouvernementales.

D’où la réitération de l’Appel Des Citoyens du Monde de L’Association.

 

Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens.

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The Armed Conflict in Ethiopia Appeals

Negotiation Appeals for to end The Armed Conflict in…

Featured Image: National Ethiopia Flag. Photo by Kelly Lacy in Pexels.
 
The Association of World Citizens (AWC) now reiterates its Appeal to the parties in the armed conflict in Ethiopia for negotiations in good faith to end the fighting,  and to deal with the deep consequences of the conflict; especially the wide-spread hunger.
 
Mark Lowcock; the United Nations Under Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs; has warned that nearly five million of the six million population of the Tigray Province needed food assistance;  and the number grows as fighting spreads to other regions.
 
   Shortly after fighting began on 3 November 2020; the Association of World Citizens, knowing the fragile nature of the confederation of provinces which make up the Ethiopian state;  had made a first Appeal for negotiations in good faith;  although information on the fighting was very limited.  Journalists were prevented from going to Tigray as were most humanitarian NGOs.
 
Mark Lowcock
Mark Lowcock, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator speaks at the Safeguarding Conference in London. 18/10/2018. By DFID – UK Department for International Development, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.

The Fighting in Tigray becomes more complex each day.

 
However by February; enough information  had been  gathered from refugee sources, that Amnesty International presented a first report on the extent of human rights violations, with multiple credible and widely corraborated reports of widespread atrocities involving mass killings, rapes and the abduction of civilians.
 
   The fighting in Tigray becomes more complex each day as Ethiopian Defense Forces, Eritrean Defense Forces and ethnic militias face Tigrayan forces.  There is a buildup of Sudanese government forces on the Ethiopian-Sudan border and refugees flee into Sudan.  The whole Horn of Africa already fragile is in danger of greater destabilization.
 
   For the moment all efforts for mediation proposed by the United Nations or the African Union have been refused by the Ethiopian central government. The former officials of Tigray Province have fled, and it is not clear who is in a position to negotiate for the Tigray factions were negotiations to be undertaken. There may be possibilities for non-governmental initiatives.
 
 
 
Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens.

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Tigray Appeals

Ethiopia’s Tigray, a New Biafra?.

Photo by Taylor Wilcox on Unsplash.

By Rene Wadlow.

On 4 March 2021; at the United Nations, Mark Lowcock; the U.N. Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs; warned that a campaign of destruction is taking place in Ethiopia’s Tigray  Provence; saying that nearly five million of the six million population of the Provence, needed food assistance.  For the first time; a high U.N. official highlighted the role of the Eritrean Defense Forces fighting along side of the Ethiopian central government’s forces were committing crimes of war.  He indicated that as the Tigray fighting enters its fourth month;

there are “multiple credible and widely corroborated reports from Tigray of widespread atrocities, involving mass killings, rapes, and the abductions of civilians.”

The fighting in Tigray began at the time of the harvest of agricultural production. Much of the harvest has been destroyed as well as farm markets.  Thus; there is wide-spread hunger.  The question which;  we must ask is if famine is a consequence of the fighting;  or a deliberate policy to starve the Tigray resistance – starvation as an arm of war.  The famine situation in Tigray today brings to mind the Nigeria-Biafra war of 1967-1970.

The International Committee of the Red Cross.

During the Biafra war; I was a member of a working group of the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva.  The armed conflict was the first in Africa; in which only an African State was involved; no colonial party used to the European laws of war. The International Committee of the Red Cross faced a new socio-cultural context; in which to try for the respect of humanitarian law.

We find many of the same elements in the lead up to the fighting in Tigray: a change in power in the central government;  an effort of the new administration to centralize the administration; demands for autonomy or independence based on ethnic criteria; a flow of refugees toward other provinces of the country; the influence of neighboring or other States in the conflict. The Nigeria-Biafra war dragged on for 30 months; and at least one million lives were taken.

Blocking food aid to Biafra became a deliberate policy. Starvation became not a consequence of war; but an arm of war.  The policy of starvation is remembered and still colors politics in Nigeria. (1)

 

To Uphold Human Dignity.

The fighting in Tigray becomes more complex by the day as Ethiopian Defense Forces, Eritrean Defense Forces, ethnic militias from the Amhara region face Tigrayan forces. There is a buildup of Sudanese government forces on the Ethiopian-Sudan border; and there are growing ethnic conflicts; in the Benishangul-Gumuz region; as Tigrans flee into Sudan.  Reporting on the war is very limited.  Communications are deliberately cut; and journalists unwelcome and under heavy government pressure.  Starvation as a government war policy is denied. One would not expect otherwise.

However; we know little of the military planning of the central Ethiopian government. For the moment; all efforts for mediation proposed by the United Nations or the Organization of African Unity have been refused by the Ethiopian central government; and the former officials of the Tigray province have fled.  For the moment; we on the outside can only watch.

We need to do more to uphold human dignity.

 

Note.

1) See: Ifi Amadiume and Abdullah An-Na’im (Eds)  The Politics of Memory: Truth, Healing and Social Justice; (London: Zed Books, 2000, 207 pp.)

Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens.