Preliminaries to Russia-Ukraine Negotiations: The Key Role of China.
Featured Image: Foto de Matti Karstedt: https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/una-nina-protestando-contra-la-guerra-en-ucrania-11284549/.
President of France Emmanuel Macron was in China from 5-7 April 2023 and urged that China could play a major role in bringing peace to the Russia-Ukraine armed conflict. China’s 12 point plan to resolve the Ukraine conflict has indicated President Xi Jinping‘s willingness to be active in peace efforts. While the 12 point peace plan is incomplete, it does propose general principles which can serve as a useful framework. President Macron is accompanied by Ms Von der Leyen of the European Commission, a sign of the wide European concern with the positive role that the Chinese government can play.
After the positive role that Chinese mediators played in the restoration of diplomatic relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran, there is increasing a world-wide recognition of the talents of Chinese mediators. China is probably the only country with an ability to influence Russian policy-makers in a peaceful direction.
Presidents of France Emmanuel Macron in 2022. By President.gov.ua, CC BY 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.
Overview of the Normandy Proposal and its Potential Role in Future Agreements for Ukraine.
President Macron was the prime mover for action on what was called the Normany Proposal involving negotiation among Russia and Ukraine, France and Germany. The proposal was to build on the Minsk agreement concerning the two pro-Russian People’s Republics of Ukraine which would remain in Ukraine with a modified Ukrainian constitution recognizing a good deal of autonomy to the People’s Republics. The Minsk Agreement was never acted upon with no action to modify the Ukrainian constitution. Since the 2022 Russian invasion, the situation has grown more complex and difficult. However, the Normandy ideas are probably the basis of any future agreement after a first cease-fire.
The President of the European Commission, Ms Ursula von der Leyen and The President of the Republic of Cyprus Mr. Nicos Anastasiades make statements to the Press. University of Cyprus campus, Lefkosia, Cyprus, 8. July 2021. By Stavros Ioannides, P.I.O. Photo Department., CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.
Anticipated Increase in Fighting in Ukraine and the Importance of Alternative Solutions.
Military observers predict an increase in fighting in Ukraine now that the winter is over and troops can move more easily. Thus the immediate need to present alternatives to more fighting and the start of serious negotiations. The Macron-Xi talks may have set the stage for at least the preliminaries.
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) general secretary Xi Jinping addresses Chinese and foreign journalists at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, Oct 23, 2022. By China News Service, CC BY 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons.
René Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens
President, Association of World Citizens (AWC).
Estudied International relations in The University of Chicago.
Estudied Special Program in European Civilization en Princeton University
Here are other publications that may be of interest to you.
The Sky Darkens in Sudan.
Featured Image: Photo by Abdulaziz Mohammed on Unsplash. On 15 April 2023, a long-brewing conflict between two generals who had seized power in a coup in 2021 broke into armed battles…
Israel-Palestine: Tension-reduction Measures Urgently Needed.
Featured Image: Image by DEZALB from Pixabay. The Association of World Citizens calls for urgently needed tension-reduction measures in the Israel-Palestine-Lebanon area. Tensions have led to a barrage…
Syria: The Start of a Long Night of Sorrow.
Featured Image: Photo by Ahmed akacha: https://www.pexels.com/es-es/foto/gente-demostracion-rally-protesta-7183546/ By Rene Wadlow. On 13 March 2011 in Derra, in the south of Syria, 15 teenage boys were arrested by Syrian security police…
Yemen: Positive Action Still Needed.
Featured Image: The UK hosted the Friends of Yemen meeting on 27 September 2012 in New York alongside co-hosts the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Republic of Yemen. The…
Confidence-building Measures in Asia-Pacific: Reversing the Slide to Violence.
Featured Image: Photo by wu yi, Unsplash With U.S. and Chinese military engaged near Taiwan, a miscalculation could lead to armed violence. The armed conflict in Ukraine has heightened the debate…
U.N. Focus on Consequences of Climate Change.
Featured Image: Photo by William Bossen, Unsplash On 20 March 2023, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published a Synthesis Report based on its three previous reports covering eight years…
Steps Toward The Protection of The Oceans.
Featured Image: Photo by Dave Hoefler, Unsplash. On 4 March 2023, at the United Nations in New York an important step toward the protection of the oceans was taken with the…
Ukraine: Moving Toward Negotiations?.
Featured Image: a view of Maidan Nezalezhnosti in Kiev, Ukraine (2018). By Juan Antonio Segal, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons. Frederick L. Schuman (1904-1981) was the U.S. international relations scholar whose…
Alternatives to War: Renewal and Impact.
Featured Image: Ukrainian T-72AV with a white cross during the 2022 Ukrainian Kharkiv counteroffensive. By Mil.gov.ua, CC BY 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons. One year into the Russia-Ukraine War, one…
Education in Tibet.
Featured Image: Foto de 和 平 en Unsplash. 17 Feb 2023 – Three United Nations Human Rights Council Special Rapporteurs have recently highlighted the quality and methods of education of Tibetan students. Farida…