The First Nansen Passport: The League of Nations and Those Whose State Disappeared.

With the need to increase legal protection for the increasing number of refugees in the world; it is useful to recall the first Nansen Passport created by Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930). The Leader of a Nordic-North Pole Exploration. Fridtjof Nansen was thought of
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Assault on Religious Liberty : 20 July 1937.

view to western wall Jerusalem and dome of rock. By Photo by Anton Mislawsky on Unsplash. The Nazi Government of Germany had first moved against the Jews; considered as both a racial and a religious group. The Jews had long been a
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Teilhard de Chardin: The Noosphere and Evolution Toward World Unity

Featured Image: Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1947). By Unknown authorUnknown author; CC BY-SA 3.0 <>; via Wikimedia Commons. Why do we hesitate to open our hearts to the call of the world within us; to the sense of the earth. By  ‘sense
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Leopold Sendar Senghor.

Who will teach rhythm to the world laid low by machines and cannons,
Who will shout with joy to wake up the dead and the orphans at the dawn?
Say, who will give back the memory of life to the man with eviscerated hopes?…
We are the men of the dance, whose feet regain force by drumming on the hard earth.
Senghor “Prayer to the Masks”

Rapprochement of Cultures -Aimé Césaire.

Philippe Mouillon en compagnie d’Aimé Césaire, en 2003. By Jean Baptiste Devaux, CC BY-SA 4.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons. The Association of World Citizens participates actively in the UNESCO-led International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022).  The rapprochement of cultures requires
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W.H. Auden: (1907-1973) Poet of the Age of Anxiety.

Featured Image: Plaque about W.H. Auden, Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, New York. By Joe Mabel, CC BY-SA 2.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons. Wystan Hugh Auden, is appreciated as a bridge builder by two separate groups of poetry readers.  Each group celebrates half of his
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Hermann Hesse: Revolt and Enlightenment.

Featured Picture: Gaienhofen (Baden-Württemberg). Hermann Hesse House – Portrait (1905) of Hermann Hesse by Ernst Würtenberger. By Wolfgang Sauber, CC BY-SA 4.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons. Hermann Hesse (1877-1962); whose birth anniversary we mark on 2 July; was born into a German
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Antoine de Saint Exupéry (29 Jun 1900 – 31 Jul 1944): Solitude and Solidarity.

Antoine de Saint-Exupery. Scanned drawing. By К.Е.Сергеев, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons. Antoine de Saint Exupéry was a cosmopolitan humanist in the Stoic tradition. He belonged to the rural nobility of France and could have used the title of Count but never did.
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