The First Nansen Passport: The League of Nations and Those Whose State Disappeared.

With the need to increase legal protection for the increasing number of refugees in the world; it is useful to recall the first Nansen Passport created by Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930). The Leader of a Nordic-North Pole Exploration. Fridtjof Nansen was thought of
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Assault on Religious Liberty : 20 July 1937.

view to western wall Jerusalem and dome of rock. By Photo by Anton Mislawsky on Unsplash. The Nazi Government of Germany had first moved against the Jews; considered as both a racial and a religious group. The Jews had long been a
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Leopold Sendar Senghor.

Who will teach rhythm to the world laid low by machines and cannons,
Who will shout with joy to wake up the dead and the orphans at the dawn?
Say, who will give back the memory of life to the man with eviscerated hopes?…
We are the men of the dance, whose feet regain force by drumming on the hard earth.
Senghor “Prayer to the Masks”

Rapprochement of Cultures -Aimé Césaire.

Philippe Mouillon en compagnie d’Aimé Césaire, en 2003. By Jean Baptiste Devaux, CC BY-SA 4.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons. The Association of World Citizens participates actively in the UNESCO-led International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022).  The rapprochement of cultures requires
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W.H. Auden: (1907-1973) Poet of the Age of Anxiety.

Featured Image: Plaque about W.H. Auden, Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, New York. By Joe Mabel, CC BY-SA 2.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons. Wystan Hugh Auden, is appreciated as a bridge builder by two separate groups of poetry readers.  Each group celebrates half of his
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Hermann Hesse: Revolt and Enlightenment.

Featured Picture: Gaienhofen (Baden-Württemberg). Hermann Hesse House – Portrait (1905) of Hermann Hesse by Ernst Würtenberger. By Wolfgang Sauber, CC BY-SA 4.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons. Hermann Hesse (1877-1962); whose birth anniversary we mark on 2 July; was born into a German
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Antoine de Saint Exupéry (29 Jun 1900 – 31 Jul 1944): Solitude and Solidarity.

Antoine de Saint-Exupery. Scanned drawing. By К.Е.Сергеев, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons. Antoine de Saint Exupéry was a cosmopolitan humanist in the Stoic tradition. He belonged to the rural nobility of France and could have used the title of Count but never did.
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John Boyd Orr: A World Citizen’s Focus on Food

Featured Image: Photo by Zen Chung on Pexels. There can be no peace in the world;  so long as a large proportion of the population lack;  the necessities of life and believe that a change of the politicl and economic system will make
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William Butler Yeats: A Road to the Higher Self.

Featured Picture: J.E. Walkowitz, CC BY-SA 3.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons William Butler Yeats; whose birth anniversary we mark on 13 June, had three inter-related passions: a revival of Irish culture as a necessary contribution to political independence; an understanding of present
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Langston Hughes. A People’s Poet.

Winold Reiss, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons. (1 Feb 1902 – 22 May 1967) “Hold fast to dreams, for if dreams die, life is a broken-winged bird that cannot fly.” Langston Hughes Langston Hughes was an African-American poet;  through Negro was the
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