Ceasefire in Libya: A Gift for U.N. Day?

(Geneva).   On Friday 23 October 2020;  Stephanie Williams;  the U.N. acting Special Envoy for Libya said that the  representatives of the parties in Geneva had agreed to a ceasefire starting 24 October;  U.N. Day.  All military units and armed groups on the
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Nagorno-Karabakh: A Phantom Republic Takes Center Stage

From bitter searching of the heartQuickened with passion and with painWe rise to play a greater part.This is the faith from which we startMen shall know commonwealth againFrom bitter searching of the heart.— Frank Scott (1899-1985) 9 Oct 2020 – The Phantom Republics; 
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David W. Augsburger. Conflict Mediation Across Cultures : Pathways and Patterns.

(Louisville KY: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1992, 310pp). John Paul Lederach tells the story of one of his intercultural mediation workshops in Panama where:  “someone said that mediators were like guides leading people through complexities. The image stuck. By the end of the
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Kumar Rupesinghe (Ed.). Conflict Transformation.

(New York : St Martin’s Press, 1995, 270pp.). For many years “conflict resolution”;  was the usual term both in diplomatic practice and scholarly writing. Now we see a change;  at least in scholarly writing to the term “conflict transformation”;  for conflicts are
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Strategic Nonviolent Struggle Spreads

By Rene Wadlow. “In the face of felt oppression;  strategic nonviolent struggle can become a viable alternative both to violence and also to passive submission.  You have to learn as much about nonviolent struggle as possible; know your own situation as well
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Reignited Armed Conflict Between Armenia and Azerbaijan: Could Violence Spread?.

On 27 September 2020;  military forces from Azerbaijan moved into six villages held by Armenian forces in the Nagorno-Karabakh area.  The Prime Minister of Armenia Nikol Pachinian in a television broadcast warned that the two countries were “on the edge of war
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